8 Bình luận
  • hoidulich
    It's the 50th anniversary of the internet's predecessor. Where's the utopia we were promised?

    The birth of what would usher in the internet began with a whimper rather than a bang.

    On 29 October 1969, programmer Charles Kline attempted to transmit the message "login" from a computer at UCLA to one at Stanford, some 350 miles away.

    The message was to be transmitted over a network funded by the US Department of Defense. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, or APRPANET, was a project that would network computers together to share information. The machines at UCLA and Stanford were the first on the network, but would be joined by computers at UC Santa Barbara and the University of Utah by the end of 1969.

    But on 29 October, ARPANET began its life with the attempt to send that simple "login" message. In a poetic foreshadowing of the frustrations that its technological successor would cause, Kline was only able to get the letters "lo" out before the system crashed.

    But those two letters marked a turning point for human culture. Within 25 years, the internet would be mainstream. Within 40 years, it would have fundamentally transformed every facet of human interaction.
    A tarnished utopia

    In the early days of the internet's foray into mainstream culture, the landscape abounded with utopians who predicted that the online world would usher in a new age of openness, understanding, prosperity and peace. Twenty-five years after most of these predictions, it's fair to say they were largely off-base.

    Even the techno-prophets themselves have had to concede that the internet utopia they envisioned hasn't come to pass. One of them, author Rick Webb, went so far as to pen a 2017 Medium piece apologizing for his role in promoting the utopian vision of the internet.

    "I don’t think anyone saw coming that we’d have to actually be explaining to American children why racism and fascism are bad in the 21st century. Our digital prophets certainly left that bit out," Webb wrote.

    But even in the midst of his regret, Webb acknowledges the parts of his utopian vision that actually have come true.

    "A lonely transgender person in rural America who may have felt completely isolated before can now find a community of support. One could argue that the internet has hastened political progress, and helped topple oppressive regimes. This is all true," he wrote.

    While the internet has no doubt given a voice and a platform to those opposing equality and peace, it's also fulfilled those old prophesies of creating a world without borders, of changing commerce, of connecting humanity. If the internet is deeply flawed, it's because it's a reflection of the humans who populate it. A platform can't usher in utopia. It can only give us the tools to do it ourselves.

    And the tools it's given us are incredibly powerful. Fifty years ago, the thought of someone living in the American Midwest having a window into the life of someone living in Spain, in Pakistan, in Sri Lanka, in Australia, was unfathomable. Now we have the power to connect with people anywhere in the world in an instant. Yes, it's a power that's been used to spread hate and discord. But it's still a power that can continue to transform the world for the better, if we embrace the better parts of ourselves.

    The internet has already transformed the way humans communicate. Now, we're in the midst of a new transformation: a transformation of the way humans work.
  • trongk41
    Năm 2003, đi coi điểm thi đại học tại quán nét vào rồi ra chưa đến 1' mất 5k...mà đ** hiểu sao lại nghỉ học để đi vào...chat room
  • NAD
    Trc nay tưởng internet có từ khoảng năm 1990 thôi chứ
Website liên kết